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Category Archives: Art

Chinese Painting

Chinese paintings includes flowers and birds, landscape, figure paintings and so forth. Through brief introduction and appreciation of masterpieces, hope you will acquire a fundamental knowledge of the historical development and theoretical issues of Chinese painting. You will learn the basic technique of different brush works, through which you will understand the creative process of Chinese painting, and they will be encouraged to create your own works through the application of the technique and attempt to reform this traditional art form.

Four Gentlemen

The four gentlemen refer to the orchid, the bamboo, the chrysanthemum, and the plum blossom; they are metaphors of the gentleman with moral integrity.

Aquatic Life-Fishes

Artists used to make use of this painting topic to show their enthusiasm for ideal life.

Lotus and Coloring

Lotus represents a gentleman who stands out from the crowd. Painting styles and history of lotus painting will be favored. A contemporary artist Zhang Daqian has developed several new techniques in depicting the lotus.


The ancient painters created a landscape painting in different ways, including modeling masterpieces, sketching and traveling to give expression of emotion to maintain and water to pursue lofty and independent personality.

When comes to traditional Chinese painting, it generally refers to China’s traditional art with unique national characteristics, which uses brush, ink stick, ink slab, paper and pigment to depict both realistic and imaginary Objects. It has many categories; including scroll painting, mural painting, New-Year pictures, engraving painting and so forth.

Chinese paintings don’t have a strict art category and is not a scientific conception. According to different tools and materials, it can be categorized into ink-wash painting and color-ink paintings, just like oil paintings, water-color paintings, engraving paintings and gouache paintings equally. With different usage, Chinese paintings can be classified into mural painting, serial pictures, New-Year pictures and illustration. Due to different themes, we can sort out Chinese paintnigs into figure paintnigs and landscape paintnigs. With its unique technique and style, it forms an independent art in the world, on a par with oil paintings in the West. As a whole, traditional Chinese paintings pays great attention to presentings the essence of objects, stressing the beauty of form and requiring pictures to capture both spirit and form and to be replete with vitality and rhythm, which greatly represents the trend of development of traditional Chinese paintnigs and a defining core value of China’s cultural tradition. It is an ideal that the Chinese nation has unremittingly pursued and an important component part of Oriental paintings.

Learn Art of Calligraphy

Calligraphy refers to an ancient design of writing. The word is derived from a Greek phrase that means beautiful handwriting and is also known as a kind of visual art. Though it is a very old form, it is still being practiced all over the world. Since it has been developed in many countries, a variety of styles are available today. These include Chinese, Japanese, Arabic, Roman, English, and many more.

You need not be an artist or extremely creative to learn the art of fancy lettering. It is quite simple and can be mastered with consistent practice. The basics can learned on your own by following some simple instructions. Before you can start learning, you should select a particular style from the ones mentioned earlier. The Roman pattern is easy and would be ideal to start with. Also, you should know about the tools, lettering, alphabets and fonts used for this penmanship.

Required Tools

The tools consist of special pens, nibs, ink, and unique paper essential for scripting (or lined parchment paper). Pens can be either felt pens, fountain pens, or quill pens. You will also need a ruler and powdered ink. If you are not sure about the type of pen you would want to use, you can purchase a set for beginners.

Before Beginning
Select the necessary tools, and keep them handy.
Seat yourself in a comfortable position, on a firm and wide table, preferably with a tilted desktop.
Choose the style that you would want to learn, and place it on the table on your right side. You can use a book that shows the basic strokes.
Hold the brush or pen at an angle of 35°. Dip it in the ink if you are using a quill pen, and start practicing the basic strokes.
You can start with the lower-case alphabets, and if you find it difficult in getting it right, try practicing by tracing the alphabets.
You will need to practice the letters over and over again to gain mastery.

Tips on Learning
When you seat yourself to practice, make sure that there are no shadows on the paper, as they can interfere with the detailing of the strokes.
Start from practicing basics, and perfect writing the letters before proceeding towards intricate formations, techniques, and designs.
Stick to learning one style at a time, and practice on a daily basis for mastering it.
When you want to lift the pen off the paper, do not do it in a sudden jerk. Hold the pen at the position for a second or two, allow the ink to get saturated at the point, and then lift the pen.
You will need to pay attention to the spacing between the strokes and the width and weight of your strokes. Do not use ink excessively.
Aim at consistent practice and achieving the perfect spacing, perfect strokes, and perfect lettering.

Once you have the required expertise, you can learn Chinese and wedding calligraphy. You can pursue it as a hobby and can also prepare wedding invitations and party invitations. So, go ahead, and put on your creative thinking caps!

Tips Removal Graffiti

Ways to Graffiti Removal:

Painting Over
Painting over is taken to be one of the cheapest and simplest ways of getting rid of graffiti. All one has to do is choose a shade that will cover the graffiti well enough. Sometimes, the graffiti tends to bleed and make its way out over the paint. Ensure that this does not happen and only then choose a shade. Before starting out with the process though, remove as much of the previous graffiti as you can. This method works best on smooth surfaces that do not have many crevices.

Pressure Washing
This method works best on surfaces like wood and brick walls. In fact, it is one of the best ways to remove paint from brick. As the name suggests, the pressure of the water dispels the graffiti and clears the surface. For best results, the nozzle should be wide and the washer should have low pressure so that it covers a wider area and does not damage the surface with its force.

Chemical Solvents
One has to be extremely careful when one uses chemicals. If not used well, they can corrode the surface and damage it further. Here are certain factors that you need to consider for different surfaces:

Plastic Surface
Use a light penetrating oil like citrus oil for effective removal of graffiti. Another method is that of rubbing over the paint with extra fine steel wool.

Metal Surface
Paint thinners are seen to work effectively well on this surface. Try rubbing a small section of the surface with the paint thinner and check for results. Other than this, penetrating oil is also known to be a good source.

Wood Surface
Usage of mineral spirits over wood is said to bring about best results. For this to work out well, one has to know how to remove paint from wood and ensure that the wood is not old and crumbling. If it is, then the graffiti will be soaked further into the wood.

Other Surfaces
Surfaces made from aluminum as well as fiberglass can be cleaned with a little amount of paint and chemical remover. Make absolutely sure to use it sparingly and to test an area before you use it with reckless abandon.

Other Methods
For glass surfaces, using a razor and scrapping off the graffiti is considered a great idea. Adhesive graffiti is sticky and messy and can get to be very difficult to remove. Scrape off as much of the adhesive as you can, and then use acetone to gently wipe over the surface. Always test a small area before you get this done. Sandblasting is another method that can be employed for removing paints and more tough stains. Yet, it has to be noted that it cannot be used on delicate surfaces or it might end up damaging the surface.

These were some of the graffiti removal tips that you can look into. Remember to check and test the surface before starting out on the cleaning process. That way the surface will still be around to greet you when you’re done cleaning it.

The TrustoCorp Art Collective

Since at least 2010, an artist or art collective called TrustoCorp has been creating artistic pranks satirizing American life and culture. TrustoCorp has managed to retain its anonymity despite receiving quite a bit of media coverage since its inception. At the time of this writing, the identity of the artists behind TrustoCorp remains unknown. In fact, no one even knows how many people belong to this collective. What we do know is that TrustoCorp’s satirical product labels and street signs seem to be a perfect fit with the world we live in.

In 2010, TrustoCorp started creating product labels and packaging and placing them in and amongst real products on store shelves. One humorous example was a soda can that the artists ‘stocked’ near sugary sodas in supermarkets. The gold, blue, and yellow can featured the TrustoCorp logo above the words ‘Nose Job in a Can’. Underneath the product’s title were printed instructions for use: ‘Step 1. Grab Can. Step 2. Smash Face’.

Along with satirical product labels, TrustoCorp has created imitation street signs and attached them to posts in cities across the US. New York, Miami, Los Angeles, San Diego, and San Francisco have discovered TrustoCorp’s signs on their streets. The signs are made of metal and designed to look similar to official street signs. For example, a black sign with a white arrow mimics the standard ‘One Way’ sign, but instead reads ‘One Day’. Underneath the arrow in smaller type, these signs add messages like, ‘When Hell Freezes’, and ‘Things Will Get Better’.

The collective’s website,, maps locations in Manhattan where the street signs have appeared. The careful observer will note that, when connected, the locations form the shape of, perhaps, a fist raising a middle finger. Altogether, the TrustoCorp phenomenon seems like something that could only have happened in a futuristic sci-fi novel, but the group’s success indicates that the future is here.

Just what kind of a world we’re living in is the subject of TrustoCorp’s art; the collective seems to be poking fun at many elements of American culture, including the fast food industry, big business, the financial sector, and religion. At a gallery opening in New York City, the group created a carnival-style game where people attempted to knock over plates that displayed images of cultural ideals. The game was rigged so that religion, big business, and a few other plates could not be knocked over-a symbol of the hegemony of these institutions over the American way of life.

TrustoCorp’s aesthetic tends toward a retro-kitsch look. Blending retro styles with design that evokes official signage and packaging lends to the group’s appeal. The style strikes an essential balance between whimsy and social commentary, which has probably had something to do with the astounding degree of publicity that TrustoCorp has generated. The artists are not unrealistic about their activities, however. Their public statements are few and far between, but they have expressed the modest aims of breaking up the monotony of daily life and giving people something to smile about.

The art collective seems equally realistic about its chances of having a lasting impact. In homage to their clear ideological predecessor, Andy Warhol, the group created a street sign establishing a ‘Fame Limit’ in the style of parking regulation signs. The Fame Limit, of course, is 15 minutes, and according to the sign, it’s strictly enforced weekly from 9pm to 5am. Maybe that’s a signal that the artists of TrustoCorp haven’t quit their day jobs just yet.

Characteristics of Cubism

The basics of cubism can be seen in another art movement known as pointillism and fauvism. Cubism is basically the art of creating abstract shapes of three dimensional objects on a two dimensional surface. An artist who wants to opt for cubism should be able to represent an object in multiple planes. Therefore, in simple terms, a cubist basically shows more than one layer/planes on a single piece of canvas. The overall look of a painting that is created in this style appears in the form of geometric shapes. And as it depicted in different layers, it gives an illusion of depth, giving the painting a 3-dimensional look – hence the name cubism. An artist uses the style of little cubes to depict an object or a person from different views.

Artists such as Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque popularized this style by painting forms in distorted versions. A look at their paintings reveal how these two geniuses cut up space in different planes to create a composition. Upon observation, the paintings of these artists show the use of geometric shapes and the use of edges. These paintings are not based on the basic theories of art that make the use of perspective with precise angles and shapes.

Cubism was further divided into two main branches – analytical cubism and synthetic cubism. Cubists who painted using the analytical style of cubism, basically analyzed and broke up natural forms into little cubes or other geometrical shapes. They used a monochromatic color scheme for these paintings. Picasso and Braque, both used the analytical style of painting. Apart from this style, they also developed synthetic cubism. This was based on the art of creating compositions that focused on objects together. Besides, artists also made use of the technique of mixed media. Mix media is the use of different mediums of paint used to create a composition on one surface. Synthetic cubism is about creating flatter compositions with minimum shading as compared to analytical cubism.

Cubism basically started on a simplistic version, which later reached an abstract stage. During the Renaissance period, artists depicted compositions on one plane. Cubism was considered to be a complete contrast in this regard. For example, a cubist artist may paint the face of a person wherein the eye may be shown looking towards the viewer, however, the nose may be painted facing the side.

Apart from artists such as Pablo Picasso and Braque, Fernand Leger, Francis Picabia and Roger de la Fresnaye also used the basics of cubism. Today, this style continues to inspire young talents to try something that is far apart from reality.

Amedeo Modigliani

The bohemian artist Amedeo Modigliani was a very complicated personality. However, going by Picasso’s comment about never seeing him drunk anywhere except ‘at the corners of the boulevard Montmartre and the boulevard Raspail’, it seems he made an extra-special effort to be obnoxious. When he forgot to keep up appearances, he could be a charming and soft-spoken man, who was popular with the ladies and could converse intelligently on a variety of topics. He was very fond of poetry, particularly that of Lautreamont, the man who wrote ‘Maldoror’, a copy of which Modigliani always carried everywhere with him. He was an excellent painter and sculptor – if not as daringly innovative as some of his contemporaries, then with a distinct individuality expressed in the trademark sensual elongations of the face and neck.

Known as ‘Modi’ to his friends and ‘Dedo’ to his family, he was born in Livorno, Italy on 12 July 1884, the fourth and youngest child of Flaminio Modigliani and his wife Eugenia. Flaminio was an unsuccessful businessman with a small money-changing enterprise, while Eugenia, an unconventional and strong woman, ran an experimental school and was known for her somewhat radical political views. Her views filtered down to her sons and led Modigliani’s older brother Emmanuele to be imprisoned as an Anarchist for six months in 1898, at the age of twenty-six. The Modiglianis were also Sephardic Jews. Although he was in no way religious, Amedeo’s Jewish identity strongly influenced his life, and he was known to often introduce himself to people as ‘Modigliani, Jew’. Being a Jew was not easy in the Europe of that period. They were not widely persecuted as they would be later on, but they were not regarded with a great degree of acceptance either. This becomes more evident in Amedeo’s life when the Roman Catholic family of his mistress Jeanne Hebuterne, disowned her for associating with a Jew. He faced many more such circumstances in the daily course of his life.

He also had to contend with poverty and constant ill-health. He suffered from Tuberculosis since his early childhood, and this was to dog him throughout his life. His mother, perhaps to entertain him while he was sick, had encouraged him to take up art. As he showed a marked talent for it, she arranged for him to take proper lessons in 1898 when he was fourteen. His teacher, Guglielmo Micheli was a student of Giovanni Fattori, the leader of the Italian Impressionists (the Macchiaiola). In May 1902, at the age of eighteen and after having toured Naples, Amalfi, Capri, Rome, and Florence with his mother, he decided to leave home and study under Fattori at the Scuola Libera di Nudo dell’Accademia di Belle Arti (Free School of the Nude) in Florence. It was here that he first tried his hand at sculpture. However, the next year in March 1903, he transferred to the Scuola Libera del Nudo in Venice. Here, he met Umberto Boccioni and Ardengo Soffici, future Futurists, and also Ortiz de Zarate, an artist friend with whom he attended the Biennial Exhibition of Modern Art in Venice and studied the works of Cezanne and Van Gogh. In this period, he also made his first trip to England and, unfortunately, also got initiated into drinks and drugs.

He went to Paris in the winter of 1906 on a small allowance from his mother, settled in Montmatre, and attended the Academie Colarossi. Paris was a happening place for art then, with many talented artists converging around the avant-garde influence of the poet Guilliame Apollonaire. Modigliani came to be greatly influenced by the works of artists like Cezanne, Ganguin, Toulouse-Lautrec, and Theophile-Alexandre Steinlen. However, being Jewish and being made strongly aware of this for the very first time by French Anti-Semites, he remained on the periphery of the art scene and associated mainly with other Jewish artists like Chaim Soutine, Kisling, the sculptor Lipchitz, and the poet Max Jacob (Picasso’s friend). He also befriended Cocteau, Gris, Rivera, and art dealers Paul Guillaume and Zborowski. In 1907, he came into contact with Dr. Paul Alexandre, who became his first patron and paid for him to stay with other artists in a sprawling tenement building in rue Delta 7. Modigliani sold him paintings until the First World War. He also exhibited paintings in the ‘Salon d’Automne in 1907 and in the ‘Salon des Independants’ in 1908. It would seem that he was doing well, but in reality, he was spending more and more time in binging and had gained quite a reputation in all quarters for drunken, disorderly behavior. It was his penchant for stripping stark naked while on a binge that gave him the nickname ‘Modi’ – it was not just a take on his surname, but a pun on the French word for accursed ‘maudit’. Finally, in 1909, his excesses became too much for him to take, and he went home to Livorno to recuperate.

Soon, he decided to become a sculptor rather than a painter, returned to Paris, and took up residence in the new artists’ quarter of Montparnasse. His sculptures, stark and minimalist, were influenced by the African and Oceanic Art that he had seen in the Musee de l’Homme, and by the work of Brancusi, whom he had met earlier in ‘Cite Faulguiere’ in Montparnasse and had worked with for a while. While he found artistic fulfillment in sculpting, his finances and his health showed no improvement. He couldn’t afford to buy stones for carving, so he stole them from the building sites that were cropping up all over Paris, and then ruined his health with the long hours and hard physical labor needed for sculpting them. With the outbreak of the First World War, most of the building projects got shelved and the easy supply of stones dried up. Modigliani, who was by now extremely frail, was once more forced homewards.

Returning yet again to Paris, he began painting delicately stylized, elegant, and amazingly insightful portraits that showed an undoubted influence of his sculpting experience. In 1910 and 1911, he exhibited his work again at the ‘Salon des Indépendants’, and in 1912 at the ‘Salon d’Automne’. His painting ‘Cellist’ had won favorable reviews from the Art Critics in 1910, and he had exhibited sculptures as well as paintings at the artist Souza Cardoso’s Montparnasse Studio in 1911. He went to Normandy with his Aunt Laure, and then back to Livorno for a while. Returning to Paris, he met up often with Lipchitz, Augustus John, and Jacob Epstein. He received his first art contract from the dealer Cheron in 1913, and around the same time began sharing a studio in Boulevard Raspail 216 with Chaim Soutine. After the War broke out and he gave up sculpting, he moved to a studio in Montmartre. He also began a passionate, two-year affair with the South African Poetess Beatrice Hastings. She was five years older than him, had a grander drinking reputation, and they had major brawls in public. The fact that it was her money that was more or less supporting him in this period did not stop him from throwing her out of their window on one occasion.

It was a good time for him professionally, as not only was he working well, but he was also taken on by the upcoming and ambitious art dealer Paul Guillaume in 1916, thanks to Max Jacob. He also held an exhibition of his work at Emile Lejeune’s Studio in Paris. However, he couldn’t keep a steady course for long. By 1917, he had broken contact with Paul Alexandre and many of his old friends, got rid of both Beatrice Hastings and Paul Guillaume, and embarked on new personal and professional relationships with Jeanne Hebuterne and the Polish dealer Zborowski, respectively.

Jeanne Hebuterne, whom he met at the Academie Colarossi, was nineteen at the time and a subdued, colorless personality in comparison to Beatrice. However, she too wasn’t spared any public scenes, and stories abounded around Montmatre of her ill-treatment at the hands of a drunken Modigliani. She remained devoted to him despite all that, and he painted a number of her portraits. They started living together, to her conservative family’s outrage, in a studio rented for them by Zborowsky in rue de la Grande-Chaumiere in Montparnasse. About this time, Modigliani had his first solo exhibition at the Berthe Weill Gallery. Unfortunately, his sensual nudes offended the local Police Chief and the exhibition was shut down on the opening day itself.

In early 1918, Zborowski arranged for Modigliani as well as his other clients, Soutine, Kisling, Survage, Foujita, Cendrars, and Osterlind, to move to Southern France. It was here in Cagnes that he painted the only four landscapes of his career. It wasn’t a genre that interested him, and he spent the rest of his time painting portraits indoors and missing the ambiance of Paris. He also missed a group exhibition at the Paul Guillaume Gallery, featuring his works as well as those of Picasso and Matisse. Jeanne became pregnant during this period and gave birth to a daughter, Giovanna, on 29 November 1918. Although he acknowledged her as his daughter (he hadn’t acknowledged a child by an earlier girlfriend), he never got around to registering the child officially. It seems he got drunk on the way to the Registry Office and forgot about the matter entirely.

On 31 May 1919, temporarily leaving behind the once again pregnant Jeanne and his new daughter in Nice, he returned to Paris. His paintings had begun to sell well at long last – one of his paintings, exhibited in a critically successful group show called ‘Modern French Art’, organized by Zborowski at the Mansard Gallery in London, had been sold at a very high price to the famous writer Arnold Bennett. Jeanne and their daughter joined him in June and they moved into their first real home together, an apartment in the Rue de la Grande Chaumiere that was immediately above the one previously occupied by Gauguin. However, the end was near for the artist.

He had refused to give up drinking despite its obvious ill-effects on his health, and right after the New Year Celebrations of 1920, he collapsed. For nearly five days, he writhed in bed in excruciating pain and high fever. Jeanne, who was now nine months pregnant, sat with him, but extraordinarily enough, did not think of summoning a doctor in all this time. This was left to his old friend Ortiz de Zarate, who lived downstairs, and not having seen the couple in a while, came to check on their whereabouts. By then there was really nothing any doctor could do beyond diagnosing the illness as Tubercular Meningitis, and moving the now comatose artist to a clinic. He died without regaining consciousness on 24 January 1920. The whole of Montmatre turned up for his funeral. Two days later, Jeanne committed suicide by throwing herself out of the fifth floor window of her parents’ home. Her embittered family buried her at the Bagneux Cemetery, agreeing only in 1930 to let her rest beside Modigliani at the Pere Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.

Their daughter Giovanna was adopted and brought up by Modigliani’s family. She later wrote a definitive book on her father, titled ‘Modigliani, Man and Myth’.

The Hellenistic Art

Hellenistic Period Art: History and Characteristics
◾ The years following the demise of Alexander the Great saw his generals take over the reins of his widespread empire by dividing it into smaller kingdoms. For instance, Ptolemy took charge of Egypt and the Middle East, whereas Seleucus got hold of Syria and Persia.
◾ The regions, though separate, were unified when it came to adapting Greek culture, education, language, and lifestyles, commissioning extravagant sculptures, mosaics, and other artwork, and investing heavily in building libraries, universities, and museums.
◾ The Hellenistic World is an umbrella term, which refers to the geographic reach of the Greek Empire, along with the roughly 300-year period it covered. Hellenistic Art is hard to be contained in a definition, but is used to refer to all the artistic designs and concepts which emerged and were established during this time.

Hellenistic Architecture
◾ Hellenistic cities were rather expansive, and comprised several dedicated recreational areas like parks, museums, and even zoos. These cities were meticulously planned, confirming to the natural settings of the region.
◾ In the instance of Pergamon, the Greeks built a colossal complex, which included structures used to house their political, administrative, and military offices. The Pergamon Altar was a part of this very complex comprising sculptures depicting the battle between the Olympian Gods and the Giants. The structure, or what remained of it, was restored by a team of Italians, and is now housed in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, Germany.
◾ Gigantic architectural designs dominated the scene during the time―the second temple of Apollo at Didyma, Ionia, is a fitting example. Designed by Daphnis of Miletus and Paionios of Ephesus at the culmination of 4th century B.C., its construction went on until 2nd century A.D., but was eventually never completed. The sanctuary is regarded as one of the largest ever to be built in the Mediterranean region.

Hellenistic Art
◾ This was an era that saw a meteoric rise in the popularity of various forms of art. A growing number of affluent citizens of the empire began to appreciate art, and even began to commission replicas of original Greek statues. Their homes and lawns were decorated with exquisite bronze fittings, marble sculptures, and intricately-designed pottery.
◾ The Romans sought these works of art in great numbers. By the 1st century B.C., Rome became the center of Hellenistic art production, with numerous Greek artists making the city their base.
◾ Hellenistic art was characterized by its attention to detail, and placed emphasis on naturalism. Artists began to create figures which realistically depicted the human physique and facial features.
◾ Sculptures belonging to the era were known to be carved in a manner that allowed them to be admired from all angles. The Nike of Samothrace, also known as the Winged Victory of Samothrace, is regarded as one of the finest examples of the artist’s mastery over aesthetic conventions and techniques. The sculpture has the winged Goddess of Victory, Nike, appearing to be animatedly suspended with her wings outstretched gracefully. The figure seems breathtakingly life-like, with an imaginary wind shaping its drapery, creating a fine confluence of physical and imagined entities.
◾ Eroticism also featured prominently in these designs, as statues of female nudes became increasingly popular during the period. The Venus of Milo, pictured above, is considered to be the ultimate expression of beauty, with her close-to-perfect proportions. Artists during the era did not limit themselves to depicting physical characteristics; they were known to strive hard to display the inner feelings and emotions of the subject in their work.
Venus de Milo
◾ The paintings and mosaics of the Hellenistic Era have mostly perished along the passage of time. Hellenistic pottery designs were found as far as Taxila, in modern-day Pakistan, where a lot of Greek artisans took up residence following Alexander’s conquest.

The Hellenistic Era culminated in 31 B.C., following the battle at Actium, where the Romans defeated Marc Antony’s Ptolemaic fleet. Despite its relatively short span, however, the cultural and intellectual life of the Hellenistic Period managed to leave a lasting impression on artists and scientists.

Arts and Crafts

Since it is so much fun and can actually be useful, it is no wonder why arts and crafts are so popular for many people. However, if you want to truly have fun with it, there are some things you need to know. Read on for some useful arts and crafts information.

Incorporate recycling into your arts and crafts activities. No matter what you are into, from ceramics to oil paints, there are many ways to involve using objects and supplies that you would have otherwise thrown away. Save paper, tinfoil, aluminum, cardboard and more and stash it away for your next project.

Browsing the internet for new ideas is a great way to expand your arts and crafts skills. You can see what other crafters are creating and gain a new perspective on what you can create with your crafting skills. So go online to find new ways to expand your creativity when you are doing your favorite craft or hobby.

Get your kids involved with your next arts and crafts project. Kids love to play and learn, and a cool family project will do all that and more. It makes for an exceptional bonding experience between you and your little one. The child gets to learn from you, and you can have some smiles and laughs along the way!

You should organize your crafting supplies. Your supplies can be stored in many various ways, just find one that works the best for you. It’s going to be easier for you to locate the things you need this way. You will also be able to keep track of your supply inventory.

Store arts and crafts supplies in old show boxes. If you organize your supplies well, you will belle likely to be able to find what you need when you need it. Being able to find your supplies can make your projects go much more smoothly. It will also give you a bigger picture of the supplies you have.

When working on an arts and crafts project, do not throw away any unused materials. Even if you do not need them for the current project you are working on, you may be able to use them on a future hobby. In the end, this could save you a lot of money.

Pine cones are excellent materials for holiday crafts. Not only do they feel like the holidays, they also smell great too! Plus, if you live in the country, you can find them for free around your neighborhood. You can get very creative with pine cones, including making pine cone figurines.

Do you need an easy way to store your ribbon? Grab a standing paper towel holder. Simply slip each roll of ribbon on your paper towel holder for an easy organization tool. The paper towel holder allows you to remove the ribbon you need with one hand. Simply cut the amount you need and place the paper towel holder back in its original location.

This article has given you helpful arts and crafts advice that when used properly, can help you get into this popular hobby. If you feel like you need to know more, continue to do your research on it. In the end, you will be glad you found something so enjoyable.

Art Workshops

Today art workshops are known as a short-term session that highlights on a few important techniques or it is a way in which artists or art students can update themselves every now and then and also get to learn different techniques from different artists. But in the olden times artists were not exactly known as artists but they were known as traders who offered various services like painting, sculpturing, jewelry making, building construction which involved engineering and architecture like building temples and palaces and other important buildings, designing war weapons and machinery, etc.

In those days, artists could be afforded only by the elite classes like kings, ministers, merchants, etc.. and they were called to the customer’s place to make portraits; decorative woodwork like furniture, pillars, doors etc; build sculptures for decorative purpose out of stones, wood, or metal; make foundation plans to build a new building, etc. Some of these artists also would be in the offices of the royals and would work only for royals.

There was great demand for artists and they would get several prospective students who would work as apprentices for them. These apprentices would someday want to become great artists like their master and just like an entrance exam, the master artist before accepting them as a student would ask him a few questions or give a small test and if the prospective student passes it, he will be admitted as an apprentice. The life of an apprentice was not easy. They would never be allowed to touch anything related to art in the first few months or even for an year, till then they would have to serve the master by doing household chores like cleaning, cooking, running errands etc. After sometime he will be asked to do work like grinding pigments to make paints and preparing wooden panels for painting. The master will be observing the student all this while and come to know how dedicated and desirous the student is to learn the skills. Gradually the master will let those apprentices who are really dedicated and have better skills than others to assist him in his works. Not all apprentices would turn out to be great artists. These skills were the secrets that were taught only to those who the master felt is worthy enough to be taught. Once the student learns all the skills, he could open his own workshop and hire apprentices who could work under him. He will have to be accepted by his guild and then he will become a master artist. These master artists were extremely skilled after years of working hard.

Today the scenario has changed. The one who wants to learn art can join an art college or art workshop Melbourne instead and some of these students attend various art workshops conducted by experienced master artists to learn the skills and techniques. These workshops will be held on weekends, or a couple of days classes. Some students even now take up apprenticeship with some famous artists but they might not have to spend a lot of years with their teacher and serve for him before he will be taught the skills.

Its a changed world today unlike those olden days one can learn an art skill they wish to learn in weeks and master it in moths.

Miniature Paintings

What is a miniature painting?

The word “miniature” is derived from the word ‘minimum’ which does not really relate to just the size of the image but uses a red lead paint (which has a pigment or a glue solution) to bring out the different colors and illuminate the image or manuscript. The details in the miniature paintings differentiate them from small paintings. With the help of a magnifying glass, you will be able to see the fine brush strokes used to perform this art. The miniature painting attracts viewers to see the minute details designed.

There are various painting techniques which are visible under a magnifying glass such as:

  • Pointillism
  • Stippling
  • Hatching, Cross Hatching, Contour Hatching
  • Scumbling
  • Smooth Shading
  • Three-dimensional

Though the Miniature Paintings contain every element of a larger picture like color composition, image clarity and other special effects, what sets them apart are the fine brush strokes and the tiniest design details.

This form of art requires a high degree of expertise and takes years to practice and perfect it. While working on miniature art, the artist must have absolute physical control on all his movements. This is very important because any shaky movement can divert the brush stroke leading to spoil the image. It is very important to have a good and tidy working space while doing miniature painting. Color consistency, precision and picture depth need to be in control.

In ancient India, there were various schools which taught the art of miniature painting illustrating different religions such as Buddhism and Jainism.

Hindu God “Budha” is a good example or an elaboration of paintings in today’s world. Budha Paintings are the symbolic representation for Buddhism. It is a devotional icon for Buddhist monks and for followers of Buddhism. The extant The extant Miniature Paintings are good examples of Budha Paintings. These belonged to the Bengal paintings and were painted on palm leaves depicting the manuscript of the Buddhist text. are good examples of Budha Paintings. These belonged to the Bengal paintings and were painted on palm leaves depicting the manuscript of the Buddhist text.

“Tibetan thangka” is a complicated and a three dimensional form of miniature Tibetan Budha Paintings on a cotton or silk cloth depicting the Buddhist God. It also depicts the life of Budha in a pictorial manner and is considered as an important learning tool.

Since these paintings depict a religion, all symbols and designs should be painted according to the rules based on the Buddhist scared scriptures. This requires the miniaturist to be trained and have a good knowledge of the religion.

Not only Budha painting but on an overall level, miniature painting is an art that is very rich in history continued all across the world.